Social Anxiety Disorder: Therapy And Other Treatments

 

Source: myhealth1st.com

 

Your mental health provider is tasked to identify whether other disorders could trigger your anxiety or if you are suffering from social anxiety disorder together with another mental or physical illness.

Your provider may identify your diagnosis based on:

  • A physical examination to evaluate any medical illness or medication that could cause anxiety symptoms to manifest.
  • A review of the scenarios to determine whether or not they trigger your anxiety.
  • A thorough discussion of your indications, their frequency, and the different situations that they occur.
  • As published by the American Psychiatric Association, criteria are documented in the DSM-5 or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
  • Self-report questionnaires regarding indications of social anxiety.

Treatment Options

Treatment is dependent on how significantly social anxiety disorder impacts your capacity to perform your daily routines. The most typical treatment for SAD includes medications, psychotherapy, or a combination of both.

First Line Medications

Numerous medicines are available on the market, but selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs are frequently the first lines of medications for longstanding indications of social anxiety. Your doctor or another mental health provider may prescribe sertraline or paroxetine. Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRI) such as venlafaxine are also preferable for social anxiety disorder.

To decrease the negative side effects, your healthcare provider may give you medications at low doses and slowly increase them to a full dose. It could also take a few weeks or months of medication therapy to alleviate or improve your symptoms.

Your healthcare provider can also recommend other types of medications for indication of social anxiety, including:

  • Anti-anxiety Medications. Benzodiazepines may lower your anxiety levels. They have been proven to work rapidly, but they can also be sedating and addictive, so they are usually prescribed only for a brief period.
  • Some Antidepressants. Perhaps you already tried taking some antidepressants and choose which one is more effective for you with the least number of side effects as well.
  • Beta-Blockers. These medications work by inhibiting the rousing effect of adrenaline, which is a form of epinephrine. They can potentially lower blood pressure, reduce shaking of the limbs and voice, or decrease heart rate. For this reason, it is advisable to limit its use to specific situations, such as when giving speeches. Beta-blockers are not advisable for treating generalized anxiety disorder.

Source: newsroom.uw.edu

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy enhances symptoms in most individuals with SAD. Going through therapy, you are taught to identify and alter negative thought patterns about yourself and learn skills to increase your self-esteem, especially in social events. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most recommended form of psychotherapy used for anxiety. It can be likewise effective when done either in groups or individually.

Home Remedies And Lifestyle Changes

SAD commonly needs the aid of a certified psychotherapist or another medical expert. Still, you can try doing some of these strategies in dealing with situations that are most probably going to trigger SAD symptoms.

  • Stay physically fit regularly.
  • Learn techniques on how to decrease or alleviate stress.
  • Maintain a balanced and healthy diet.
  • Get sufficient sleep.
  • Limit or avoid caffeine and alcohol.
  • Participate in social events by going out with those that you feel safe and comfortable with.

Taking Smaller Strides

First, think about your fears so that you can determine the situations that can trigger your anxiety. Slowly learn these activities, get accustomed to them until they no longer cause you too much anxiety. Start with smaller strides by creating daily and then weekly goals in circumstances that are not very overwhelming. The more you learn and practice, the less tense you become.

Also, try to practice these situations:

  • Compliment someone you meet you talk today.
  • Have a meal or snack with someone close to you, like a close friend or significant other.
  • Intentionally make eye contact when you greet others or try to greet someone first.
  • Ask directions from a stranger.
  • Reach out to a salesperson to ask for help about finding something in a store.
  • Call a close friend to talk about weekend plans.

Prepare Yourself For Social Events

Initially, being sociable when you are socially anxious is quite perplexing. As hard or overwhelming as it would seem at first, do not try to avoid circumstances that cause your anxiety symptoms. By habitually confronting these kinds of circumstances, you will eventually build and enhance your coping skills.

Support And Coping

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These coping mechanisms might help alleviate your anxiety:

  • Regularly seek help and companionship with family and friends.
  • Try joining a group that provides opportunities to enhance public speaking and communication skills, like Toastmasters International. You can also be a member of a reliable online support group.
  • Do interesting and enjoyable activities, like hobbies and sports, when you feel stressed or anxious.

Conclusion

In time, these coping mechanisms and the rest of the treatments mentioned above will help you control your triggers and your symptoms and hopefully prevent you from having a relapse. Do not forget that you can overcome your anxious moments, that your social anxiety disorder is brief, and that the unpleasant outcomes that you are so anxious about will not take over your life if you decide to take control and practice positivity.

 

 

Breaking Free From Anxiety Without Therapy

 

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Between family issues, bills, work deadlines, and trying to stay fit, the daily tensions of life can make you become anxious and overwhelmed. Perhaps you were a worrier when you were a child because anxious parents brought you up, or maybe you became anxious after your teenage years. No matter when your anxiety symptoms started, it is possible that you are currently on overdrive, and you are constantly waiting for your bubble to burst.

Do not be surprised to know that you are not alone. The Anxiety And Depression Association of America states that anxiety disorders are the most prevalent mental health disorders in America, affecting over 40 million individuals. And just like a lot of people who are looking for alleviation, you turn to medications or perhaps consulted a therapist for help. It is a proven fact that antianxiety medications can reduce your anxiety. Still, the relaxing and peaceful feeling does come with a price by way of side effects in terms of medications and added cost if you have therapy sessions.

Here’s the good news: medications and visiting a therapist are not the only means to getting over your worries and effectively managing your anxiety. Below are some of the most recommended ways to break free from your anxiety naturally.

Be Physically Active.

Physical activity is perhaps the last thing you would like to try doing when you are on overdrive. You could be worried about delayed muscle soreness and being incapable of sitting or walking for the next couple of days. Or you’re scared that your condition might worsen if you overexert yourself and experience a heart attack. In truth, though, exercise is among the most recommended natural antianxiety remedies.

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Exercise increases serotonin and endorphin levels to make you feel emotionally better. Subsequently, when you feel internally better, your whole viewpoint improves as well. Try to start your exercise regimen for at least 30 minutes three times a week. You don’t have to struggle with a high-intensity workout initially and obviously feel muscle pains after. Any form of movement is great, so put on your most comfortable workout clothes, move around, clean the house, walk within the neighborhood, or get a mat and try some yoga poses.

Shout To The Top Of Your Lungs.

Talking to someone that you trust is another way of coping with anxiety. However, there is an even better thing to do besides talking – screaming to the top of your lungs. When you were a child, your parents probably reprimanded you when you screamed or talked in loud voices. But when you become an adult, you can make excuses or set your own rules! So this is your chance to shout all your worries, fears, and anxieties out.

When you’ve been anxious for a long time, you will know that the more you contest your anxiety, the more draining it will be on you. Instead, acknowledge anxiety as a facet of your daily life, embrace it, and then release it by screaming them out.

If your anxiety causes you to become nauseous, the thought of consuming food is as tempting as consuming mud. However, missing a meal can actually worsen your anxiety. Your blood sugar levels plunge when you do not eat, leading to the surge of the stress hormone cortisol.

The statement that you are required to eat does not validate eating just anything, so it’s not an excuse to consume too much junk food and sugar-loaded foods. It’s not the sugar that causes the anxiety, but the sugar rush can trigger physical indications of anxiety, like trembling and nervousness. Consume more fruits, healthy fats, vegetables, and lean proteins. Consume five small meals spread throughout the day and limit your sugar consumption of refined carbs and sugar.

Live In The Present.

Apart from the words written in this article, what are you contemplating at the moment? Are you anxious about a deadline you need to meet next week? Are you pressured about not being able to meet your financial objectives? Or perhaps you are fixated on whether or not you are a good parent even though you don’t actually have children?

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If your answers are all ‘yes, then you have just unraveled part of the dilemma. Like several others who are suffering from anxiety, you have difficulty living in the present. Rather than fretting about what’s in it for today, you’re already anticipating tomorrow’s worries. And regardless of the degree of your anxiety, you might even be worrying about yesterday’s missteps.

Remember that you have no control over your future, and nobody can lend you a time machine so that you can modify the past, so live every day as it arrives. You can think about the future for proactivity’s sake, but don’t concentrate too much on what will be, more so what has been.

Final Thoughts

Indeed, anxiety is a monster, but it’s possible to triumph over your battle with medications. Often, getting rid of it is merely a matter of changing your thoughts, attitude, and lifestyle. These natural therapies might even help you make adjustments to your medication routine. Give these tips a try and realize that anxiety has no control over you.