Frequently Asked Questions About Depression, Psychology, And Treatments


When I was growing up, my parents would always ask my teenage cousin Liza to babysit me whenever they would go out. I knew her as the daughter of Mom’s second cousin. I saw her as the big sister that I never had, so I loved having her around. She taught me how to braid my doll’s hair and helped me with my homework. I also liked that she was not afraid of bugs and would stand up for me when I couldn’t.

Despite that, I noticed something unusual. Liza would agree to go to our house anytime, except when my mother’s siblings were visiting and staying at our home. If she was my cousin from my mother’s side, then it could only mean that my uncles and aunt were hers, too, right? I remembered asking Liza when I was still in elementary school, but she became closed off and said that I was too young to understand, so I did not push it.

 I was already in middle school when I overheard my mother talking to another cousin of mine. Her name was Sidney, and she was the daughter of Mom’s sister, who died in a car accident years ago. I was close to her, but she was already working, so we rarely saw her. On that particular day, though, they were discussing Liza’s college plans.

“Where is Liza planning to go to college?” Mom asked.

“I told her to come to my alma mater, but she wanted to go to the East Coast,” Sidney replied.

“I see. And is she getting a scholarship?”

“She’s trying, yes. But I told her I could pay for her college tuition and dorm,” she uttered.

“You are very nice, dear,” Mom said.

“I’m just doing my part as her sister.”

Talk about mind explosion. Liza and Sidney were sisters. But they have different surnames and parents. How is that possible? I waited for Sidney to leave before asking my mother about it. She refused to tell me anything at first, but she eventually gave up the information when I said I would ask my cousins instead.


“Here’s the thing,” Mom started, “Liza and Sidney are half-sisters. They have the same mother – my sister – but she gave up Liza for adoption because she did not want her husband – Sidney’s father – to see the result of her infidelity.”

“Do all the adults in the family know about it?” I asked.


“It seems that Liza also knows. However, why won’t Liza bond with them?” I prodded.

Mom seemed super uncomfortable as she said, “My siblings are in denial about Liza’s existence. They won’t acknowledge her as family, especially if old friends would come by. I heard there were even times in the past when they would tell Liza to hide in the room if new visitors arrived at the house.”

Years later, Liza moved to another state and mostly connected with Sidney and her adoptive parents. We found out that Liza developed depression due to the childhood trauma she suffered from being hidden due to her birth nature.

What is the definition of depression in psychology? 

Depression is a type of mood disorder that causes a person to experience prolonged sadness and worthlessness. It can take a few days or months before it goes away, depending on how fast the individual realizes the problem and seeks mental help.

What are the three forms of treatment for depression? 

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Interpersonal therapy
  • Psychodynamic therapy

What are psychological treatments? 

Psychological treatments refer to various forms of therapy that allow mentally troubled individuals to connect with mental health professionals who can help them understand their issues.


How does music therapy work with depression? 

Music therapy works by serving as a calming agent to people suffering from depression. The more individuals listen to music that they enjoy, the less they feel pessimistic, sad, and worthless.

What is the cause of a feeling of depression in human beings? 

Depression is the result of a combination of factors that affect humans. That includes (but is not limited to): genetics, environmental changes, way of thinking, and biology.

What are the four types of depression? 

  • Dysthymia
  • Seasonal affective disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Persistent depressive disorder

Does depression count as a disability? 

Yes, depression counts as a disability.

How do I know if I’m bipolar? 

Mania and depression are two of the primary symptoms of bipolar disorder. When you feel sleepless and hopeless or impulsive for an extended period each time, you may have this condition.

What is the difference between mood disorder and depression? 

A mood disorder is a psychological issue that causes a person to experience an amplified level of sadness, happiness, irritability, impulsivity, and various emotions. Meanwhile, depression is one of the few mood disorders characterized by hopelessness, lack of energy, physical pains, etc.

What is the number one cause of depression? 

Experiencing prolonged changes may be the primary cause of depression. When an individual loses a loved one or significant source of income, gets uprooted, or deals with other issues, they may feel depressed.

What is the result of depression? 

Depression can make you irritable, lose or gain excessive weight, and hopeless. Unfortunately, some succumb to their suicidal thoughts and end up taking their own lives.

Which type of depression is the most common type of mood disorder? 

Clinical depression is the most common type of mood disorder. According to studies, 6.7% of adults in the United States have been diagnosed with this condition.


What age group has the highest depression rate? 

People experience depression the most between the ages of 18 and 25.

Can a neurologist help with depression? 

The answer is yes and no. Yes, a neurologist may be able to help by prescribing an antidepressant to a depressed individual. However, a neurologist is not trained to find the root of a person’s issues – you will need to see a psychiatrist, psychologist, or therapist for that.

Final Thoughts

I drove a thousand miles to see Liza for the first time in a decade. She greeted me with a warm hug and wanted me to tell her everything I had been doing in life. When it was her turn to talk, I was happy to know that my cousin was getting the mental help she needed to get over her depression.

When I asked when she’d visit back home, she said, “In time.”

Teens And Mental Health: Sources Of Anxiety In Today’s Youth

A lot of today’s youth report struggling with mental health issues – especially anxiety. Many of us may wonder, “They’re so young; what do they have to worry about?” Well, the truth is that there’s a lot. Here are some reasons that are making the youth feel anxious.

The Pressure To Be Happy



As Bobby McFerrin (and not Bob Marley) says, “don’t worry, be happy.” This saying is often the piece of advice people offer to us during stressful periods of our life. If only it were that easy. Worry isn’t something we can immediately turn off with a switch. But here’s the thing: you don’t always have to be happy.

When adults always tell the youth to cheer up, it actually puts a lot of pressure on them. Teens will start to feel as if they have to be okay all the time. They may think that they have to be happy all the time. When they begin to experience anything else besides joy, they start to panic because they don’t know how to deal with other emotions. Remember, “The sensation of pressure doesn’t have to be negative—it can be a positive challenge and motivating.” Alicia H. Clark, Psy.D. said.

Biological Reasons

Unbeknownst to many people, anxiety doesn’t just stem from experiences or one’s behavior; biology can also make you a worry wart.

“Mental health issues can be caused by a combination of biological, psychological and environmental factors, and can have a minor or major impact on a person’s thoughts, feelings and behaviors.” Christina L. Gmyr, LMHC, NCC said. Just like how we can’t always control our anxiety, we can’t control how our bodies are pre-programmed. Unfortunately, some people are more likely to become more worrisome than others. If one of your parents suffers from an anxiety disorder, you become more likely to develop one as well.

Additionally, a teen’s hormones will be all over the place. You can blame that as the cause of your pimples, mood swings, and anxiety. As they go through puberty, they’ll feel added pressure as they don’t know how to deal with things yet.

Lastly, brain development also has something to do with the youth’s worries. As parents expect their teens to take on more responsibilities, they aren’t always ready for it. They still have to go through a lot to mature. It’s normal to make mistakes – but teens won’t realize that immediately. Frustration over failures and naivety can lead to anxiety.

Negative Body Image




Many companies, such as Dove and JCPenney, have gained attention for their body positivity campaigns. Despite these movements, a lot of people still hold unrealistic beauty and body standards. Magazines airbrush their models, celebrities endorse unhealthy diets, and the internet keeps coming up with successors to the thigh gap trend.

Because of these high standards, teens feel pressured to look a certain way. Otherwise, they fear their peers shunning them. This issue is a massive blow to their self-confidence and opens up the road for anxiety to develop.

This problem isn’t limited to only female teens either. Young men also feel the need to be fit, muscular, or buff. They’re also starting to become more conscious of what they wear.

High Expectations

Similar to how the youth feels like there are high standards for beauty, they also feel pressure from high expectations from other aspects of life. Parents often want their kids to succeed in school. They also need to excel in extra-curricular activities. Add all this to the pressure of having to maintain a thriving social life. It can all become too much for a teenager to handle.

Teens may then feel anxious about having to achieve all of these. Likewise, they may feel guilty if they fail to meet other people’s expectations. All of this can also lead to further sleep deprivation, causing them additional stress.

Sleep Deprivation




Different age groups need different amounts of sleep. Studies show that adults need roughly 7-9 hours of sleep per night. Additionally, we all know that kids need more hours each night, clocking in at about 9-11 hours for school-age children. In between that, we have teenagers. For them, they still need about 8-10 hours per night.

One reason why teens become stressed and develop anxiety is that they haven’t adjusted to the fewer hours of sleep they get per night. Moreover, they often don’t even get 8-10 hours. This problem is due to having heavy school workloads, joining extra-curricular activities, and trying to maintain a social life with peers.



“Depression is real and painful. Just because you can’t see or touch it doesn’t make it any less real.” Charmaine J. Simmons, LPC explains. Many of us adults forget what it’s like to be a teenager. Admittedly, we’ve had our fair share of anxiety during our youth. From high expectations to biological factors, there are many reasons for teens to feel anxious. However, we can’t let that get in the way of us succeeding. Knowing and understanding the causes of our worries is the first step to becoming more self-assured and kicking anxiety out the door.

BetterHelp is an online avenue which contains a selection of “friends” that you can talk to when you are feeling down. Check this article to know more.